History Crib - Timeline
In keeping with many other pages on this website it is best viewed on a larger screen.
This page is divided into centuries:
Please use the slider below to select.
Drag to desired Century
This page is not intended to be in anyway a complete list. It is just a "crib" sheet for me to see what else was going on when I find a date such as the suggested provinance of say the cross-wing of our house (Historic England says C14.) or another date relating to the history of the area.
In addition to this timeline I am constructing pages the cover the History of Belchamp Walter by Century.
This page is part of an on-going research project on the history of Belchamp Walter and the manor of Belchamp Walter. If you have found it making a web search looking for geneological or other information on the village then please bookmark this page and return often as I am likely to make regular updates. If you delve deeper into this website you will find many other pages similar to this one.
Pre-Conquest and Norman-Saxon
- 904 Date on Belchamp Walter village sign
- 927 Æthelstan
- 937 Scotish Invasion of England - Battle of Brunanburh - Æthelstan
- 965 (1025) Birth of Unknown father of Aubrey De Vere (Normandy)
- 991 Battle of Maldon
Conquest, Domesday, William I,
- 1030 - Aubrey de Vere, Sheriff of Berkshire - born? 1st Earl of Oxford
- 1042 - Edward the Confessor (1042 - 1066)
- 1056 - William II born - 3rd Son of William the Conqueror
- 1066 - Battle of Hastings
- 1068 - Henry I born - 4th son of William the Conqueror
- 1086 - The Domesday survey - Thunderlow
- 1087 - 26 September 1087 – William II (Rufus) becomes King of England
- 1090 - Death of Richard fitz Gilbert (before 1035 – c. 1090), 1st feudal baron of Clare, Suffolk
- 1100 - William II (William Rufus) dies - Henry I becomes king
- 1110 - Roshe de Vere born - married Geoffrey de Mandeville, Earl of Essex 11??
- 1111 - Colne Priory founded by Aubrey de Vere I and his wife Beatrice
- 1112 - Aubrey de Vere I, Sheriff of Berkshire - died Earls Colne
- 1120 - White Ship Disaster
- 1130 - Roger II crowned King of Scilly - a Norman contemporary of Henry I
- 1135 - King Stephen
- 113? - Geoffrey de Mandeville married Rohese de Vere
- 1135-54 - The civil war called The Anarchy - many Motte and Baily castles built.
- 1140 - Hedingham Castle Keep built
- 1144 - Geoffrey de Mandeville, Earl of Essex died. Possibly buried in BW
- 1153 - Treaty of Wallingford - ensuring Henry II became king
- 1154 - Henry II becomes king
- 1189 - Henry II died and Richard I becomes king
- 1199 - John becomes king - Richard I died
Magna Carter, 1215
- 1200 - Matthew Paris born - English Benedictine monk, chronicler, artist - first date - St. Albans
- 1215 - Magna Carta signed
- 1216 - King John died and is susceeded by Henry III
- 1239 - Edward I born - 3rd son of Henry III
- 1265 - Battle of Evesham - William de Beauchamp's death (1264)
- 1266 - Dictum of Kennelworth - 31 October 1266
- 1272 - Edward I becomes king - after Henry III dies, but Edward in on crusade
- 1274 - Edward I coronated
- 1274 - Simon de Pateshull - died according to Wikisource.org
- 1281 - Roger de Mowbray "held lands in Belchamp Walter"
- 1284 - Edward II born - 4th Son of Edward I
- 1295/6 - John de Steyngreve - Simon de Pateshull (Isabell de Mowbray, spouse) - "held lands in Belchamp Walter"
C14 - Belchamp Walter in the 14th Century
- 1302 Edward 1 died - Edward II becomes king
- 1308 John Gernon (Garnon) Knight born.
- 1309 Boulogne agreement signed - This is something to do with controlling Edward II's powers (July 1307 - Edward II coronated)
- 1312 Edward III born
- 1324-1325 Sir John de Botetourt died
- 1327 Edward III becomes king
- 1346 to 1353 - The Black Death
- 13?? Crosswing of Munt Cottage built
- 1361 Robert Swinburne was recorded in association with his future wife’s grandfathers, Sir John Boutourt and Sir John Gernoun. (note alternate spellings)
- 1367 Richard II born
- 1377 Edward III died - Richard II king
- 1381 Peasants Revolt
- 1386 Henry V born
- 1399 Richard II died - Henry IV (Bollingbroke) king
Belchamp Walter in the 14th Century
C15 - Belchamp Walter in the 15th Century
- 1413 Henry V becomes king on death of Henry IV
- 1421 Henry VI born
- 1422 Henry VI becomes king
- 1433 Joan Gernon dies (daughter of John Gernon)
- 1442 Edward IV born (France)
- 1452 Richard III born
- 1455 War of the Roses starts
- 1460 Sir Thomas Montgomery married Phillppe Helion
- 1461 Edward IV 1st reign
- 1470 Henry VI becomes king again
- 1470 Philip R married Agnes Stern of Essenden, Herfordshire
- 1471 Edward IV 2nd reign
- 1478 Start of Spanish Inquisition - was still going until 1834!!!
- 1483 Edward V becomes king - 8 April to 25 June
- 1483 Richard III becomes king
- 1485 Richard III died
- 1485 Battle of Bosworth Field
- 1487 War of the Roses ends
- 1487 Henry VII becomes king
- 1491 Birth of Henry the 8th
- 1492 Christopher Columbus lands in Cuba and what is now the USA.
Belchamp Walter in the 15th Century
C16 - Belchamp Walter in the 16th Century
The reign of Henry VIII and the Elizabethan times of Sir Walter Raleigh
- 1502 Prince Arthur (heir to Henry VI) died - Marriage to Katherin of Aragon.
- 1509 Henry VII died
- 1509 Henry VIII king - Marriage to Katherin of Aragon.
- 1519 - 1522 - First Circumnavigation by an expedition orgnised by Ferdinand Magellan
- 1515 Diego Velázquez de Cuéllar appointed governor of Cuba
- 1519 Hernán Cortés and Mexico (it's complicated)
- 1524 Famine in Essex
- 1525 The Lavenham Rebellion - I need to read Andrew's blog on this.
- 1532 English Reformation starts with the acts of parliament making Henry VIII Supreme Head on earth of the Church of England
- 1537 Edward VI born
- 1537 The Bigot Aske Rebellion - Sir Thomas Percy, executed. (Joan Percy married Arthur Harris, the parents of the Harris dynasty - Great Great.... Grand Daughter Francis Harris who married Oliver ஓaymond 1635
- 1539 Bechamp Walter manor "came" to Sir Roger Wentworth
- 1545 Mary Rose sank in the Battle of the Solent. - Tudor
- 1547 Death of Henry VIII
- 1547 Edward VI on throne age 9
- 1553 Lady Jane Dudley - The Nine Days Queen
- 1553 Mary I on throne - Edward VI died age 15 - Mary also had an Inquisition in England
- 1558 Queen Elizabeth on throne
- 1564 William Shakespeare born
- 1565 John Rippingale (the elder) died in Belchamp Walter?
- 1574 Botetourt Chantry removed (possible date)
- 1584 William Shakespeare active - play Richard 111 c. 1593
- 1588 Spanish Amarda - 21 July 1588 – August 1588
- 1588 John Wentworth Senior died
- 1595 Frances Harris' (Lady Harris) father Thomas Astley died.
- 1599 John Wentworth died
C17 - Belchamp Walter in the 17th Century
- 1603 Queen Elizabeth I died - James I king - William Harris knighted at James I's coronation (Wentworth was also honoured at the coronation)
- 1605 Guy Fawkes - Gunpowder plot.
- 1611 John I (of Belchamp Hall) purchased Belchamp Manor from John Wentworth (Grandson of Roger Wentworth c.1588)
- 1615 William Shakespeare died
- 1625 James I dies - Charles 1 succeeds
- 1635 John I (of Belchamp Hall) died
- 1642 English Civil War
St. Mary's Chantry Chapel to Sir John de Botetourt and Maud (nee Fitz-Otes) removed
- 1649 Charles I executed
- 1651 English Civil War ends
- 1653 Oliver (parliamentarian) married Francis Harris - and into the Plantagenet line.
- 1660 Charles II returns for the "Restoration" era.
- 1665 Queen Anne born
- Francis (wife of Oliver) (Harris) died.
- 1679 Oliver (parliamentarian) died - Protectorate Parliamentarian
- 1682 Sinking of HMS Gloucester carrying future king James II
- 1685 James II (VII of Scotland)
- 1688 The Glorious Revolution
- 1689 William and Mary -- reigned to 1694 - William of Orange - William III - Prince of Orange (Holland).
- 1702 Queen Anne's reign - Mary's (or WIlliam and Mary) sister.
- 1703 Death of Aubrey de Vere (yet another!), 20th Earl of Oxford - perhaps the last of you don't count Bedrich
- 1714 George I - start of Georgian era
- 1720 Belchamp Hall rebuilt in Queen Anne Style.
- 1720 John III died - memorialized in Church - succeeded by William.
- 1727 George II
- 1741 The Manor (not the Manor house) was sold to Thomas Ruggles
- 1760 George III
- 1767 Samuel Senior died.
- 1775 American War of Independence Starts
- 1788 Archibald Cochrane, 9th Earl of Dundonald married Isabella, daughter of Samuel Senior
- 1808 death of Isabella the Right Honourable The Countess Dundonald
- 1811-1820 - The Regency period
- 1814 Reverend John Mayne St. Clere born
- 1815 - Battle of Waterloo - 18 June 1815 - English Victory over Napoleon Bonaparte.
- 1819 Victoria born
- 1820 George IV - end of the Georgian era - death of George III.
- 1826 Samuel Junior died.
- 1830 William IV (last King of the Hanovers) - end of the Georgian era (extended)
- 1831/36 Thomas Wright's History and Topography of the county of Essex written.
- 1837 Queen Victoria, Queen at age of 15
- 1859 Extensive renovations to the Chancel of St Mary's Belchamp Walter
- 1863 Samuel Millbank (Squire) died - John Mayne St. Clere succeeds
- 1865 the Reverend John Mayne St. Clere ஓaymond repurchased the Manor (lands)
- 1872 - New School House(now Village Hall) opened
- 1876 George Washington Brownlow died - Buried in St Mary's Churchyard.
- 1893 Reverend John Mayne St. Clere ஓaymond died
- 1901 Edward VII - death of Victoria
- 1907 Prince of Wales alehouse (Chapel Hill) licence relinquished.
- 1910 George V
- 1921 Samuel John St. Clere sold 30 cottages, post office, blacksmiths ..... Most of Belchamp Walter by auction
- 1936 Edward VIII
- 1936 George VI
- 1952 Elizabeth II
- 1963 - Village School closed and first used as a Village Hall
- 1991 - Eight Bells Pub closed and reverted to a private dwelling
- 2000 - Millenium Sign erected at the cross-roads