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Conquest to "the Post Civil war years"

This page needs work

The information on this page was taken from "The history and topography of ... Essex" – Thomas Wright 1831/36. I have not transcribed Thomas Wright's text in my normal "quoted" style as I have changed it for readabilty and as a source for links.

I don't find the statement on the Historic England website with regard to Belchamp Hall particularly helpful:
Under the de Veres it was held by a number of families until in 1539 it came to Sir Roger Wentworth.

The estate may well have been "(stiil officially held by the de Veres)" but I think that this is a little bit of an over simplification. There is still much to be researched about the Wentworth inheritance.

The "number of families" include many that are relevant to the national history, both from the political standpoint and who was on the English throne.

Essex, in this case North Essex, was an important strategical holding due to its location. Its proximity to London and the Thames, its coast, along with Kent, facing mainland Europe.

What follows on this page is rather "rambling" and is pretty much a reproduction of Thomas Wright's account. I really need to re-write it (again!). The part that I am tackling here is the second dissemination of what I started with the Hinkford Hundreds, the page for a fuller version of Wright's rext uses expandable sections. I hindsight I don't think that the formatting on the Hinkford page helps. (Note: I am in the process of re-writing it anyway)

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A re-write of Thomas Wrights account:

The Belchamp estate belonged to Aubrey de Vere, in the reign of King Henry I
Roese, his daughter, it was given to her for her marriage portion, with her first husband, Geoffrey de Mandeville, 1st earl of Essex.
It was also held by her second husband, Pegasus, or Payne de Beauchamp, baron of Bedford.

Payne de Beauchamp's son, Simon de Beauchamp, was steward of the household to King Stephen.
His son and successor, William, acquired military fame by his prowess and conduct, but proving unfaithful to King Henry III his castle at Bedford was ordered to be demolished.

William de Beauchamp died in 1259, or 1260, leaving, by his wife Avicia, his sons Simon, William, and John; and his daughters, Maud, Beatrix, and Ella.
Simon the eldest son, Simon de Beauchamp survived his father three years, leaving an only daughter, who did not succeed to this inheritance.
The estate was granted by the lord paramount, Hugh de Vere, earl of Oxford, to William (de Beauchamp), her father's brother, to be held by the service of one knight's fee.

On William (de Beauchamp)'s death, in 1264, he was succeeded by the third and last brother (John de Beauchamp?); but, sometime in that year, being among the barons who rose in arms against King Henry III, he was slain at the battle of Evesham (1265), and his confiscated lands given to prince Edward, the king's eldest son.

These co-heiresses and their husbands, or joint heirs, upon paying their compositions, in pursuance of the "Dictum of Kenelworth," J(oan) had livery of the barony of Bedford, and the great estates which belonged to them, and, in 1278, on the death of Avicia, widow of William Beauchamp, of Bedford, a partition was made between these co-heiresses.

Roger de Mowbray, the son of Maud de Mowbray (daughter of William de Beauchamp), held lands here in 1281, of the earl of Oxford; his successor was his son John (de Mowbray)
and John de Steyngreve, on his death in 1295, also had possessions here.
Isabel, his only daughter, was married to Simon de Pateshull, who, in her right, held these lands at the time of his death, in 1296.

He left a son named John, and Isabel, his widow, was married to Walter de Tey (born between circa 1250 and circa 1270).

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In 1286, William de Montchensy died, holding this manor and other estates, of the inheritance of his wife Beatrix, deceased, formerly wife of Thomas Fitz-Otho. His son William was his heir.

But this estate descended to Maud (Fitz-Otho), the last surviving daughter of Fitz-Otho, by the before-mentioned Beatrix; and this Maud conveyed it to her husband, Sir John de Botetourt, of Mendlesham, in Suffolk, to whom she was married in 1302.

They had four sons, Thomas, John, Otho, and Robert, and a daughter.

Sir John died in 1325, holding jointly with his wife this and other estates, which were entailed on the second son John, who, on his death, in 1339, to left his only son, Sir John, his successor.

He married Joan, daughter and co-heiress of John Gernon, of the family of Stansted Montfitchet, whose only daughter was named after her mother; she was a very rich heiress, conveying the large possessions of the Botetourts and Gernons to her husband, Sir Robert Swynborne, of Little Horksley.

According to her epitaph in this church (Little Horksley), she died in 1400, but this is supposed to be an erroneous statement, as the year 1433 is mentioned in the inquisitions as the time of her decease.

She bore to Sir Robert five sons, who all died without issue, and two daughters, Alice and Margery; the latter married to Nicholas Berners, of Aberden Hall, in Debden, and Codham Hall, in Wethersfield, whose daughter Catharine was wife of Sir William Fynderne; but this estate was the inheritance of Alice, the eldest daughter, married to John Helion, Esq. of Bumsted Helion.

John Helion, Esq. was their son and heir, who, dying in 1450, left, by his wife Editha, daughter and co heiress of Thomas Rolfe, Esq. of Gosfield, Philippa, married to Sir Thomas Montgomery, Esq. of Faulkbourne Hall; and Isabel, the wife of Humphrey Tyrell, Esq. of Little Warley, to whom she bore an only daughter, named Anne, who, by marriage, conveyed this and other great estates to Sir Roger Wentworth, of Codham Hall, in Wethersfield.

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The name of the village

The village of Belchamp Walter was known as Walter Belchamp up until the late 19th century. Accounts attribute this to Walter de Tey, of Marks Tey, Essex. However, I cannot find information that He "held" or resided in the manor.

from the Marks Tey website:

The Merk and Tey families were no strangers to each other because on 14th November 1302, at Westminster the signatures of Walter de Teye and John de Merk appear next to each other as witnesses to a Royal letters patent for a grant in recognition of good service to the King and his predecessors.

I have also seen Water Belchamp in court records dated 1730-1770.

Timeline - for just BW

As there are so many names mentioned in this account it is difficult to get a sense of a timeline. We know that the overall span is from the 1060's until the early 1600's and the control and ownership of the manor changed hands many times. This is in contrast to the "Raymond Years". In all this time there have been significant periods of English history.

Local Timeline

Magna Carta

It didn't take long from Conquest until "the Raymond Years" (1611) for unrest to show its face. In fact Magna Carter and the "Rebels Revolt" in 1215 was pretty early on.

Lists_of_participants_in_1215 de Vere, Bigod, de Mowbray ......... de Clare - Wikipedia

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Names on this page

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  1. Geoffrey de Mandeville, 1st Earl of Essex 🔗 d. 1144
  2. Payne de Beauchamp, baron of Bedford 🔗 circa 1157 (37-53) -
  3. Rohese de Vere, Countess of Essex 🔗 (c. 1110 – 1170 or after) - see here
  4. William de Beauchamp Senior 🔗 - This could be a Rebel Baron - Magna Carter
  5. Simon de Beauchamp 🔗 b. 1150 d. 1208
  6. William de Beauchamp Junior 🔗 - 1215-1269
  7. Roger de Mowbray 🔗 - 1120-1188
  8. Thomas Fitz Otes - 🔗 - 1231-1274 Son of Otho fitz William and Otes L l'Arcedekne
  9. Thomas Fitz-Otho 🔗 -- as above
  10. William Montchensy, of Edwardstown 🔗 - 1040-1125 Montchesney, Companion to William the Conqueror --- I think this is a different one d. 1286
  11. Baldwin Wake 🔗 b. 1236 - Half brother of Roger Bigod, 5th Earl of Norfolk; Joan de Kyme and Sir John Bigod, Knight
  12. John de Steyngreve 🔗 - 1245-1295
  13. John de Horbiry 🔗 - the town of Horbury
  14. Michael Picket 🔗 - can't find
  15. Simon de Pateshull 🔗 died 1217
  16. Battle of Evesham 🔗 - 4 August 1265
  17. Walter de Tey 🔗 born between circa 1250 and circa 1270, Marks Tey
  18. The History of Marks Tey 🔗 - an website that will cease to exist 32 March 2020
  19. Robert Tey 🔗 - from the History of Paliament website
  20. English Inquisition 🔗 - Queen Mary 1553 - 1558 - Catholic purge of Protestants
  21. Sir John de Botetourt 🔗 - 1265-1324 - The person who the chantry chapel was built
  22. John Gernon 🔗 - 1308-1384
  23. Sir Robert Swynborne 🔗 - Sir Robert Swynborne (lord of manor 1391) and son; Sir Thomas 1412, Little Horkesley, Essex
  24. Sir Robert Swynborne 🔗 - historyofparliamentonline
  25. Sir William Fynderne 🔗 - died 1445
  26. John Helion, Esq. of Bumsted Helion 🔗 - 1385-1418
  27. Sir Thomas Montgomery, Esq. of Faulkbourne Hall 🔗 - 1460-1495
  28. Sir Roger Wentworth of Codham Hall Gosfield 🔗 1460 - d.1539
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