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The Kent connection

Taking information from multiple sources I have put together the following. Some of the dates still need to be worked out but what I am trying to work out is the reason for the Essenden coat of arms on the tower in St. Marys' Church.

This, like most of the pages on this website, is/are a work-in-progress. The process that I am following is to quote the source text and then try to make some contextual sense with dates and cross-referenences.

History & Topography of Essex says:

It continued for several generations in the possession of this family. John Wentworth, Esq. of Gosfield, held this manor at the time of his death in 1588, Raymond and his grandson, Sir John, created a baronet in 1611, sold it to John Raymond, Esq. of the family of that name, of Essex and Norfolk, whose ancestors were from Raymond, a place in Kent.

Philip Raymond, of this family, was resident at Hunsdon, in Hertfordshire, and, by his wife Agnes, daughter and heiress of William Sterne, of Essenden, had Roger, whose son John married Judith, daughter of Chadd Cockayne, of Cockayne Hatley, in Bedfordshire, by whom he had John Raymond, Esq. the purchaser of this estate: he married Anne, daughter of John Sparrow, Esq. of Gestingthorpe, by whom he had John, William, Oliver, St. Clere; Frances, Elizabeth, Judith, Jane, Sarah, Mary.

In the paragraph above there are many references to the Raymond family and a connection to Essenden (near Ware in Hertfordshire), but there are no dates. The previous paragraph mentions the date of the sale of the Belchamp Estate to John Raymond in 1611.

If I read this correctly Phillip Raymond (of Hertfordshire, whose ancestors were from near Rye in Kent [which is actually in East Sussex!]), had a son called Roger who then had a son John (married to Judith Cockayne, of Cockayne Hatley, in Bedfordshire) who then had a son John, the one that purchased Belchamp manor in 1611. With all the Johns it is difficult to keep track! The purchaser in 1611 was John Raymond I as far as I can work out, John Raymond II was his son and John Raymond III was the son of Oliver Raymond.

I have to check my dates here! However, this account is somwhat confirmed by The Duchess of Cleveland in The Battle Abbey Roll. Vol. III. (below)

However, the link to this source is almost impossible to follow-up. I can find The Battle Abbey Roll. Vol. III. with a reference to The Duchess of Cleveland, but the link is to a website in New Zealand which leads nowhere.

UPDATE - I have found the Battle Abbey Roll as a Google scan

The Duchess of Cleveland says in The Battle Abbey Roll. Vol. III.

Raimond : "Giraldus Raimundus" appears in Domesday as a mesne-lord in Essex: and the name continued there till about 1272, when John Reimund is found in the Rotuli Hundredorum.
At the same date the family was numerous in Kent. Their original seat was at Raymond's, near Rye.

They "were for a great length of time Stewards to the Abbot and Convent of Battel for their lands near this place; and it is probable that it was once the original stock from which the Raymonds of Essex, Norfolk and other counties, derived their extraction.
The family was extinct here before the thirty-sixth year of King Henry VIII."—Hasted's Kent. They probably removed from their old home when they lost the hereditary Stewardship of Wye at the dissolution of the monasteries.

It was a post of great dignity and trust; for the Royal manor of Wye was by far the most splendid of the gifts conferred by the Conqueror upon his Abbey.

According to Lambarde, it comprised the fifth part of the whole county of Kent; "appertaining to it were twenty hundreds and a half": and it was held from the Crown "with all its liberties and Royal customs, as freely and entirely as the King himself held them, or as a King could give them. " It enjoyed all the "maritime customs" owned by the Crown at Dengemarsh, which formed part of the soke of Wye, including the right of wreck; and no Royal edict was ever issued to the sheriffs and justiciars of Kent respecting the affairs of the Abbey without an especial direction that "they should preserve all the Royal liberties and customs of the manor of Wye."

From this Kentish stock Philipots, in his Villare Cantianum, concurs with Hasted in deriving the R_______s of Essex. Their first move, however, appears to have been to Hunsdon in Hertfordshire, where we find Philip R______, in the sixteenth century, married to a county heiress who brought him Essendon.

Their great-grandson John (who was living in 1627) bought Belchamp-Walter of the Wentworths, and transplanted the Raymonds to this new home in Essex, where they still flourish. No doubt it was unwittingly that they thus returned to the county in which the name had originally taken root at the Conquest.

The next heir, Oliver, served as knight of the shire in the two parliaments summoned by Cromwell in 1653 and 1656, and was the happy father of twenty-one children. His eldest son, St. Clere, married against his consent, was cut out of the succession, and became " a haberdasher of hats in London " : but the inheritance was restored to his grandson. The direct line failed in the next following generation, and Belchamp-Walter passed to a collateral branch that is still represented.
Another was seated at Little Coggeshall Hall in the same county ; of whom James Raymond is mentioned by Morant in 1768. They bear Sable a chevron between three able a chevron between three eagles displayed Argent ; on a chief of the second, three martlets of the first.

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