Belchamp Hall

Viewed from the church.

Belchamp Hall as seem from St Mary's Church Tower

Historic Development of Belchamp Hall -

If you visit the Historic England page for Belchamp Hall you will find the text below but it is formatted in such a way that it is almost un-readble I have re-formatted it and added links to research and other pages on this website.

The lordship of the manor of Belchamp Water was, at the time of the Domesday survey, in the possession of Alberic de Vere, in whose family it remained until the C17. Under the de Veres it was held by a number of families until in 1539 it came to Sir Roger Wentworth.

Sir Roger's grandson, John Wentworth, commissioned the surveyor Walker to prepare a map of his estate, which was completed in 1605 and showed that the house was surrounded by a garden with an orchard, a rectangular pond, and a dovecote, and was enclosed to west and north by a ditch. John Wentworth sold the manor (still officially held by the de Veres) to John Raymond in c 1611.

The C16 manor house was replaced in 1720/21 by John Raymond III and map evidence suggests that the layout of the gardens most probably dates from this period (Walker, 1605; Chapman and Andre, 1777).

In c 1741 outlying parts of the estate, together with the lordship of the manor, were sold to Thomas Ruggles but the manor house was not included in the sale. The Rev Samuel Raymond, who succeeded in 1767 and married Margarette Brooke Bridges in 1780, laid out the little park to the south-west of the gardens with small clumps of trees (OSD 1799).

When Rev Raymond died in 1825, Samuel Millbank Raymond inherited and lived at Belchamp, where he was known as Squire Raymond, until his death in 1863. He was succeeded by his second son, Rev John Mayne St Clere Raymond, who in c 1865 recovered the lordship of the manor and in 1871 extended the house with the addition of a new wing.

At around this time a sham castle folly was built beyond the park to the south-west, to act as an eyecatcher from the gardens (CL 1959).

The large, late C19 extension to the house was reduced in the 1950s by the Rev John Mayne St Clere Raymond's grandson, Samuel Philip St Clare Raymond who, together with his wife Mabel Astell, created intimate gardens enclosed by yew hedges close to the house. The site remains (2000) in single private ownership.

The Queen Anne Hall

Belchamp Hall as we see it today was built in the Queen Anne Style. 1720/21

The Folly

This local lndmark is visible from the village and from the Bulmer-Gestingthorpe road.

The Descendants of William the Conqueror

The website,, created by Alan G Freer, is, by the authors admission, a lifetimes work. However, the website design is less than to be desired (that is just my opinion)

The entry for the Raymond Family starts with a reference to Sir William Harris of Shenfield Manor and Frances Harris who married Oliver Raymond MP of Belchamp Hall in 1679. The Historic Engaland text says that the manor of Belchamp was sold to John Raymond in 1611. The manor was in the possession of the de Vere Family until it was sold by John Wentworth to John Raymond III.

The marriage of Frances Harris means that the Raymond family are actual descendance of William 1, however, the de Vere Family is not but the Norman Conquest connection is still there due to Alberic de Vere I, who was appointed Sheriff of Berkshire by William 1. The connection of the manor of Belchamp was established to Conquest heritage in 1611 when the Raymonds purchased the manor.

The de Vere (b. 1062) connection to John de Botetourt (b 1307 d. 1339{or 1324]) who probably lived in Belchamp Manor (the predessor to the current hall) has yet to be confirmed.
Look here

Doomsday and Magna Carter

While Belchamp Walter was mentioned in the Doomsday Survey there is also little to be found about the connection of Belchamp Walter to the Magna Carter. The de Veres and the de Clares are both part of history local to the region. De Vere, the owner of the Belchamp estate prior to the Raymonds, was involved in the revolt against King John - Magna Carta 1215.

Robert de Vere, Gibert de Clare and Robert de Clare were 3 of the 25 "rebel" barons.

Actually, there is a connection.

The English Civil War

The period spanning the Civil war and the 16th C. additions to St. Mary's church occured in this time. The removal and defacement of the chantry chapel also was from this time.

Thomas Ruggles

There doesn't seem to be much information on Thomas Ruggles in the records of the hall. Thomas Ruggles was a land-owner and clothier in the Braintree/Bocking area. The sale of the Belchamp Manor (outlying parts of the Estate) in 1741 was post Civil war and presumably made by a descendant of John Raymond I who purchased the manor and house in 1611. The house was not part of the sale and John Raymond III possibly used the funds from the sale to build the current Hall, the family memorial and renovations in the church in 1720, .

The 144 years (1720 -1864) The patronage of the church and its history until the C20 pretty much revloved around the Raymond family.


  1. The Historic England listing 🔗 - for Belchamp Hall
  2. The Descendants of William the Conqueror 🔗 - The Raymond family is documented here
  3. Alberic de Vere II 🔗 - the lordship of the manor of Belchamp Water prior to 1539
  4. Alberic de Vere I 🔗 Father of Alberic de Vere
  5. Magna Carta 🔗 - Wikipedia
  6. Belchamp Hall History 🔗 for the Hall's website
  7. Sir Roger Wentworth of Codham Hall Gosfield 🔗 1460 - d.1539
  8. Sir John Wentworth 🔗 - Son of Sir Roger 1494 - 1567
  9. Grandson?? - survey of Belchamp Manor completed by Walker 1601
  10. 🔗 -
  11. Thomas Ruggles 🔗 the sale of the lands (manor not house) to Thomas Ruggles 1741, Owner of much land including Spains Hall, Finchingfield
  12. A list of Listed Buildings around Belchamp Hall 🔗 British Listed Buildings
  13. Raimond 🔗 The Battle Abbey Roll. Vol. III. The Duchess of Cleveland.
  14. Sir William Harris of Shenfield Manor
  15. Belchamp Hall History 🔗 on their own website - 'Fortuna Mea In Bello Campo' - Fortune is mine in a fair fight
  16. Margarette Brooke Bridges 🔗 - Married Rev. Samuel Raymond 1780

Belchamp Hall